The first industrial revolution and the second ind

2022-07-29
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The first industrial revolution and the second industrial revolution

Abstract: if you raise 100 people, you can make a lot of money. Therefore, it is very difficult for Chinese scientists to win the Nobel Prize. All the seeds of independent thinking of Chinese intellectuals were killed in the high school entrance examination. Two horizontal links were used to connect each wheel. Rural people entered Tsinghua University and the Chinese Academy of sciences through the college entrance examination, and began to cheat the national scientific research funds, This problem cannot be solved in a short time

China has no science, only technology. Like Newton's three laws, what forms a system is called science. The difference between science and technology is that technology is developed only when there is a demand. For example, I have to eat, and cooking is technology. At the technical level, China has a very good history. There are too many skilled craftsmen, but science is exploration without demand. China does not have, and the West has, Faraday, who discovered electromagnetic induction, once attended a noble salon party. He showed his electromagnetic induction device to those ladies and celebrities. A woman asked him, what is the use of this thing? Faraday asked, "what is the use of having a baby in your arms?"? Faraday was born in the world of the first industrial revolution, but his scientific achievements were finally presented in the second industrial revolution. He opened an electrical era for mankind. Therefore, it was the Western aristocrats and the well-off clergy who were able to engage in science only when they had enough food and clothing. Later, after World War II, the United States was rich and powerful. It hired scientists from Europe and spent money to support 100 people, It is very difficult for Chinese scientists to win the Nobel Prize. All the seeds of independent thinking of Chinese intellectuals were killed in the college entrance examination. Rural people entered Tsinghua University and the Chinese Academy of sciences through the college entrance examination and began to cheat the national scientific research funds. This problem cannot be solved in a short time

let's talk about the first industrial revolution. It began almost in 1765, because Hargreaves invented the Jenny spinning machine, and machines began to replace people. Before the industrial revolution, the world was basically a self-sufficient economy in all countries and places, and there was not much mutual trade. However, when Britain came up with something that could increase the production capacity by dozens of times, the revolution began in the cotton spinning industry first. There are three factors of production: raw materials, land and labor. In the past, there were many nobles in Britain who attached to the agricultural film with oncaptm anti fog additive on the land to help reduce the possibility of condensed water contacting agricultural products. They began to tend to disband the tenant farmers on the original land, because they wanted to free up the land to raise sheep and sell the wool to factories for textiles. This is the movement of sheepfolders, also known as the enclosure movement. These demobilized farmers just poured into factories to become workers, and the places with many factories became cities. Therefore, Britain became the first industrialized country in the world. Later, Watt invented the steam engine and improved the light industry. Mankind entered the steam age. The real steam engine was invented by the ancient Egyptians. At that time, they could use the steam engine to drive the gate of the Imperial Palace, but ancient Egypt had no coal and could only burn firewood, Therefore, Britain's luck lies in that it has coal mines and is very close to the port, so it is easy to enter the steam age. At that time, China was not easy to have an industrial revolution, and China's coal production area was too far away from the economically developed Jiangnan region

Britain's industrial revolution affected the two most important countries, France and the United States. However, during the first industrial revolution, Britain still had an absolute advantage, that is, it had many colonies, and the supply of raw materials was guaranteed. Then it could dump its goods at will, such as textiles. It turned out that India was a big textile country. They were good in quality and cheap in price, and they were all produced manually, In order to solve this competitor, Britain simply conquered India and cut off the fingers of those skilled craftsmen in the textile industry, so that Indians could only grow cotton as a source of raw materials. At that time, Britain was also hit by the huge impact of Chinese tea. The solution was to set up factories in India and Sri Lanka, so that local tea could be mass produced by large machines, and soon lost China's market share, Then they sold opium to China, and then the Opium War. So the first industrial revolution was an improved light industrial revolution. It increased productivity, but it also hurt the interests of many non western countries. From then on, the East was subordinate to the West

the second industrial revolution was very different. The artillery battles he put into human history were much louder. First, mankind entered the electrical age because of the invention of the electric light, and then Siemens invented the internal combustion engine. The invention of the internal combustion engine has not yet been revolutionized. With the advent of cars, planes and tanks, there is a huge demand for oil with stable and reliable performance. Oil extraction, oil refining and chemical industry have all come, Today, we Chinese people are able to eat and eat. We all rely on chemical fertilizers to increase the output of the land, so don't scold food safety at ordinary times. You were born in a country with so many people and so little arable land. You should thank your motherland if you didn't starve to death. The development of heavy industry has made those western countries find that the free economic theory of Adam Smith in Britain is useless. Heavy industry needs to be intensive. For example, in the United States at the end of the 18th century, raw materials were pulled from various parts of the United States to Pittsburgh for steelmaking, and a pound of steel was sold for 1 cent. Because people can't make a pound every time, they can't make tens of millions of pounds. They also put forward requirements for the development of automotive materials. You are a private owner, Is free competition applicable to this industry? Therefore, the United States and Germany came up with the second industrial revolution. At that time, when Darwin's theory of evolution was encountered, the aggression of the West against backward areas also intensified, because at that time, they were too much ahead of the East, too easy to fight, and the sense of superiority of the West was formed

I don't want to talk about China much, because there is a high probability that the article will not pass the review, but one thing to say is, don't spend all day. We spend ten years to learn the western one hundred years. Newton spent his whole life studying the three laws. I spent three years in high school to summarize them. Am I smarter than Newton? Now, we are following the path that the West has gone through. Students should be modest, but we are indeed following the very right path. During the second industrial revolution in the west, we could not even build a gun barrel. No matter how hard you are, you can be a martyr at most. Now we have oneortwo aircraft carriers, but when Japan secretly attacked Pearl Harbor, it sent six aircraft carriers. In fact, we only have real estate in the forefront of the world

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